Genesis Chapters 10 & 11

The Tribes of Genesis 10


The sons of Japheth:


     Ashkenaz - Incorporated with ancient Khazars, apparently.

     Riphath [Or in some mss. Diphath, according to Strong and others.]  


     Gomer and "all his bands" and Togarmah are portrayed as having dwelt in the remote parts of the north in Ezekiel 38:6, and therefore can be identified with the Slavic tribes, as the Slavs have also a more solid identity in Meshech and Tubal and other Japhethite tribes. 

Magog - Where Gog and the Rus (or Rhos) dwelt, the "chief prince of Meshech and Tubal" (Ezekiel 38:2), may be identified with the Slavic tribes of Russia.

Madai - Medes, may be identifed with the Sarmatians.

Javan - Ionian Greeks, called Yavana in Persian inscriptions. 

     Elishah - On a coast of Cyprus? Or northern Palestine? Hard to tell from ancient inscriptions.

     Tarshish - Tartessus, a district in what is now southern Spain.

     Kittim - Cyprus before the Phoenicians (who were Israelites).

     Dodanim [Rodioi in LXX] - Rhodian Greeks, the Hebrew R and D often confused, it should be Rodanim.

Tubal - Tibarni - originally around Black Sea then driven north. Tobolsk.

Meshech - Moschi, originally around the Black Sea then driven north. Moscow.

Tiras - Thracians.


The sons of Ham:

Cush - Hebrew name for first Babylonian Empire which the Greeks called "Ethiopia of the East" and for the colony south of Egypt which the Greeks also called "Ethiopia".

     Seba - the Sabeans of Isaiah 45:14 and Ezekiel 23:42.

     Havilah - In the proximity of Seba, Cush, and Egypt (Gen. 25:18 et al).


     Raamah - In the proximity of Sheba (Ezekiel 27:22).


     Sheba - hence the Sabeans of Job 1:15 and Joel 3:8 (unless they mean the Sheba of Joktan, see under Shem below), often mentioned together with Cush (Ethiopians), Sheba was an ancient kingdom in what is now Yemen, but it cannot be proven whether this should be connected with this Sheba son of Ham, or that of Joktan. Because Sheba is often mentioned together with Cush, the Sheba of Ham is more likely that of the kingdom of Sheba.

     Dedan - City in Edom (Idumaea) with its inhabitants.

     Nimrod - founded First Babylonian Empire.

Mizraim - Egypt







          Philistim - Philistines



Canaan - Canaanites, mixed with Esau (hence the Edomites) and other races are today's jews and arabs (including the children of Ishmael).

     Sidon - later driven out by Israelites

     Heth - Hittites, central land north of Syriam capital was Carchemish ("city of Ham-people")

     Jebusite - David took Jerusalen from

     Amorite - dwelt in deserts between Palestine and Babylonia




     Sinite - Sinai





The children of Shem:

Elam - Persians

Asshur - Assyrians

Arphaxad - Land north of Syria, in Genesis part of which was called Padan-Aram


          Eber - Hebrews

               Peleg - Pelasgian Greeks (originally Pelargians according to Strabo).





                                        Abram - Israelites: Keltic and Germanic tribes of today. 

Lud - Lydians of Anatolia and later Etruscans

Aram - Syrians, Chaldaeans






     Eber - Hebrews

          Peleg - "for in his days was the earth divided" (is when the Genesis 11 event occured) - Pelasgian Greeks.











               Sheba - hence the Sabeans of Job 1:15 and Joel 3:8 (unless they mean the Sheba of Ham) an ancient kingdom in modern Yemen (but see Ham, from whence this kingdom is more likely derived).

               Ophir - Hence Africa, Hebrew Ophir, Latin Afer


               Jobab - The Job of Scripture?


The Race of Genesis 10 (William Finck) 

Last Update: 06/09/10